TRIZ Forum: From Readers

Letters from Readers (Dec. 2016 - Jan. 2017)

Czeslaw Cempel (Poland), Ellen Domb (USA), Hugo Sanchez (Nicaragua), Shahid Saleem Arshad (Australia); Toru Nakagawa (OGU)

Editor: Toru Nakagawa (Osaka Gakuin Univ.)

See Index Page of 'From the Readers' pages

Posted on Feb. 14, 2017
buttons guide you to the pages written in Japanese.

Editor's Note (Toru Nakagawa, Feb. 14, 2017)

To my thanks, I have been receiving emails occasionally from various readers in Japan and from overseas.  I am going to post some of those communications suitable for open discussions, in the present page.  There are communications in the Japanese page also, though not shown in this English page. 

List of Letters from Readers:

Dec. 27, 2016 ---------------------------------------------- Update of "TRIZ Home Page in Japan" ---------------------
Dec. 26, 2016 Toru Nakagawa to Czeslaw Cempel On 'Liberty vs Love'; Ethics (including Equity) is the 0th Principle
Dec. 29, 2016 Czeslaw Cempel On 'Liberty vs Love'
Dec. 29, 2016 Ellen Domb Wishes
Jan. 13, 2017 ---------------------------------------------- Update of "TRIZ Home Page in Japan" ---------------------
Jan. 14, 2017 Hugo Sánchez Wishes
Jan. 16, 2017 Shahid Saleem Arshard On 'Liberty vs Love'; A picture of homeless Japanese citizens post-war
Feb. 6, 2017 Toru Nakagawa to S.S. Arshard On 'Liberty vs Love'; Hidden nature of poverty in developed countries,
Feb. 9, 2017 Shahid Saleem Arshard On 'Liberty vs Love'


Top of this page Update Dec. 27, 2016 C. Cempel Update Jan. 13, 2017 S,S. Arshad   Index of ''From the Readers' pages Japanese page  

  Update of "TRIZ Home Page in Japan"  Dec. 27, 2016

Six-Box Scheme Representation of Published Papers (1) 18 Papers by Toru Nakagawa (2000 - 2016) (Toru Nakagawa)


  Toru Nakagawa ==> Czeslaw Cempel (Poland)    Dec. 26, 2016

I am very sorry for not replying you much earlier. In early Dember I conducted a 3-day workshop on CrePS/USIT in Taiwan, for my first time in English. I am going to update my homepage in a day or two both in English and in Japanese.

Last month I read a book written by Yusuke Kasuya discussing the modern history of democracy with the slogan of 'Liberty, Equality, and Love'. In French Revolution, Liberty and Equality came first and Love became officially included later by about 60 years.

I have a different thought: Equality is a basic part of Fundamental Human Rights, and the latter is a basic part of Ethics. Ethics (including Fundamental Human Rights and Equality) should form the basis for motivating/driving both Liberty and Love and coordinating them. In this sense, Ethics (having the slogan of Equality and Fundamental Human Rights) is regarded as 'The 0th Principle of the Human Culture', while Liberty is the First and Love is the Second Principles of the Human Culture. Understanding of this structure guides us better than the understanding of 'Liberty, Equality, and Love' as the three Principles in parallel. (I wrote this idea first on Nov. 21 in my email to my friend Mr. Akio Harada, as will be posted in the Japanese page of 'From the Readers' in my site.)

Best wishes, Toru

   Czeslaw Cempel (Poland) ==> Toru Nakagawa   Dec. 29, 2016

Thank you very much for your last  mail concerning fundamental principles of human culture and ethics.

Yes it seems to be that equality must be zero level principle, and taking into account this we can pass further on to liberty as the first principle and the love, as the second level principle of human culture. I do not see any contradiction between them.

During my high school period, I have had Latine language, and I do remember still some proverbs, for example 'primus inter pares' what is good illustration of equality as zero level principle. Going now to a society, we do not see much applications of these principles. For example richness an poverty, and as you now the evolution tendency is that; rich is going to be richer, poor is going to be poorer, as the development is of logistic curve type, hopefully with some saturation.

The same tendency is with the knowledge, knowledge generate the need for the more knowledge, as J A Wojciechowski   writes in his Knowledge Ecology, American Journal of Social Psychiatry, Vol VII, No 3, 1986.
What other social features have such evolutionary tendency?

With much regards, good wishes and many thanks,    yours sincerely,  czeslaw

Note (according to a Web translator at 'primus inter pares'  ==> first among equals 


   Ellen Domb (USA) ==> Toru Nakagawa   Dec. 29, 2016

Hello, Toru:. Best wishes for a happy, healthy & creative new year 2017!!! 
Many thanks for the tremendous work of TRIZ Home Page- you help the whole Community!!! Ellen


  Update of "TRIZ Home Page in Japan"  Jan. 13, 2017

Message for the New Year 2017 (Toru Nakagawa) ; Introductory: 'Liberty vs. Love': The Principal Contradiction Inherent throughout the Human Culture (Toru Nakagawa, YMCA at Univ. Tokyo)


   Hugo Sánchez (Nicaragua) ==> Toru Nakagawa   Jan. 14, 2017

Dear Toru:  My best wishes to you in this new year!

I am an avid lector of TRIZ Home Page in Japan. For many years you have played an outstanding role in the diffusion of TRIZ (not only in Japan). Congratulations and keep going, please!
Hugo Sánchez Nicaragua


   Shahid Saleem Arshard (Australia) ==> Toru Nakagawa   Jan. 16, 2017

I thank you for your fine message on the start of the New Year 2017, and send you and your families my best wishes.

Coincidentally, I spotted this picture on the internet with the following caption:

Homeless Japanese citizens post-war make do with what they can:
Following the war, a number of Japanese citizens were made homeless; luckily, enough people were thrifty enough as well as quick-minded enough to use abandoned buses as makeshift homes for the homeless people. This photograph depicts Japanese men fitting the buses to make them livable for their families.

The thought of using discarded bus bodies, one of which is clearly burnt, as dwellings. The engines, drive-train and wheels / suspensions have be removed to be used possibly as make-shift cargo lorries to haul material around by the industrious citizens.

Other than using vacant high-rise buildings, as we discussed some time back, one may propose the use of surplus.passenger liners for this purpose. Rather than give to the ship-wreckers, one may propose that the passenger ships no longer being used may be easily converted into living quarters for the homeless with medical and other care facilities.

An idea is to have a central hub constructed in a most suitable site in a protected body of sea (protected as much as possible from the forces of nature) where surplus ships can be moored semi-permanently to radial arteries radiating outwards as with the spokes of a bicycle wheel.

With the global surplus in steel sheet processing and the low prices of iron ore, one may think of mass fabrication of new up-sized 40ft shipping container with a wider cross-section or perhaps an onsite facility to De-fabricate (by gas-cutting) and then re-fabricate (by welding, etc.) two 40 ft containers side by side together so as to achieve the same effect from two 40 ft surplus containers, per dwelling.

I will see if I can make some sketches for the THPJ.

Best wishes,     Shahid

  Toru Nakagawa ==> Shahid Saleem Arshard      Feb. 6, 2017

Thank you very much for your personal messages, last December and also on Jan. 16. I am sorry for not responding you much earlier. I and my wife, Masako, appreciate much for your kind messages.

I was rather wondering how I should respond to your last message on homeless people in the just-after the war period and today. The difficulty of poverty problem in modern developed countries, like Japan and Australia, lies in its hidden nature. Not 'absolute poverty' (like just after the war), but 'relative poverty' is the problem in rich period of today.

In Japan, about 20 % of the elderly people and about 16% of children are living in the state of 'relative poverty'. But very few of them are actually 'homeless'. (probably in the order of 0.0n % or so, I guess.) Still they live in miserable situations without enough food, without cozy rooms, often sick, and working with very low wages, etc.

It is well known that many houses/apartment flats are left vacant in Japan. They are about 13 % of all the houses/apartment flats. After death (or moving) of old parents, the houses/flats are left vacant, because of its inconvenient rural locations or because the younger generations already live or want to live in new houses convenient for their jobs, etc. Even in the suburban cities of Tokyo, such as my home town Kashiwa, there are many such vacant houses.

Only if such vacant houses are provided with low rents to poor people, the poverty problem in Japan would be much relieved. The sense of proprietary, especially of lands and houses, among Japanese people is preventing from flexible transfer and moving. Japanese families usually lived close together at their villages/towns for several generations, before around 1950. Thus there occur various mismatches in the people's senses and in the social systems with the modern society of rapid moving.

The problem of Poverty in society are widely spread in the World, not only in poor countries but also in rich countries, such as Japan and USA. The actual situations are complex and very different in various countries and regions, and hence solutions to the poverty problem need to be considered differently depending on the actual situations.

The issue of 'Liberty vs. Love' seems to underlie commonly in all these apparently different situations.

Best wishes, Toru

   Shahid Saleem Arshard (Australia) ==> Toru Nakagawa   Feb. 9, 2017

Many thanks indeed for your reply. I was afraid I may have offended you by including the WWII photograph, my intention being to give an example of the industry and ingenuity of the people under the most terrible punishment inflicted on mankind. Mass incendiary firebombings, carpet bombings, plus the two big ones at the end, concentrated on the civilians. Not even the basic raw materials for building a dwelling remained.

The other photograph (not included by me) is how magnificently the Japanese people rose literally from the ashes and debris to the absolute apex economically, industrially, culturally, financially. I have mentioned to you that Japan remains the top benefactor in assistance to Pakistan.

One historical fact which caused me great anguish was that some in the scientific team that helped build the A-bomb had their own thinking on how to use it most efficiently. The great mathematician and physicist John Von Neumann was insistent that one of the two target cities should be the ancient cultural capital of Kyoto. This would truly shatter the Japanese will. The top US generals thought otherwise and had the final say.

My point in mentioning this fact is that even the greatest, most accomplished polymaths, can be carried away in the momentum of their thinking. This momentum of thinking has remained unchecked as we observe how the US has inflicted havoc on small countries on pretexts that ring hollow in the fullness of time, and continues to find new prospective targets.

Your focus on "Liberty vs Love" in the THPJ is in my view a much needed discussion of how and why we behave as we do. Of how we assign our priorities.

With best wishes, Shahid


Top of this page Update Dec. 27, 2016 C. Cempel Update Jan. 13, 2017 S,S. Arshad   Index of ''From the Readers' pages Japanese page  


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